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Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive

ERIC

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is an internet-based digital library of education research and information sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. ERIC provides access to bibliographic records of journal and non-journal literature from 1966 to the present. ERIC also contains a growing collection of materials in Adobe PDF format. ERIC's mission is to provide a comprehensive, easy-to-use, searchable Internet-based bibliographic ...



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Based on Henry David Thoreau's book "Walden," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that acquisitiveness and simplicity can be opposing life philosophies; and that both philosophies have had notable adherents. The main activity of the lesson involves students researching historical characters (including Thoreau) and participating in an expert panel. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Discussion (Teaching Technique), English Instruction, Language...
Based on Mary Shelley's novel "Frankenstein," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that active readers interpret a novel (its characters, plot, setting, and theme) in different ways; and the great literature can be and has been adapted in many ways over time. The main activity of the lesson involves students staging a mock trial in civil court of Victor Frankenstein on charges of negligence, malpractice, and emotional distress. It includes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, Court Litigation, English Instruction, Language...
Based on Bram Stoker's novel "Dracula," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that some fictional literary characters become so famous that they enter popular culture in other forms (movies, games, toys); and that working on a product such as a game often demands collaborative effort. The main activity of the lesson involves students working in small groups to develop a board game based on "Dracula." It includes objectives, materials,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, Cooperative Learning, Educational Games, English...
Based on cowboy poetry and songs, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Old West cowboys produced a category of literature, people still write cowboy poetry, and cowboy poetry or songs have certain characteristics. The main activity in the lesson involves students in analyzing a classic of cowboy literature and comparing and contrasting 19th-century cowboy literature with cowboy material being produced in the 21st century. It includes objectives,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary...
Based on Jonathan Swift's novel "Gulliver's Travels," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Swift comments on undesirable outcomes of advances in science; and other authors have also warned against abuse of science. The main activity of the lesson involves students developing a poster illustrating views of science and society. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods, extension...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literature...
Based on Grimm's fairy tales, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that fairy tales connect them to earlier generations, help them think about present situations, that magic figures prominently in fairy tales, and that fairy tales can inspire readers to create original works of art. The main activity in the lesson involves students making collages based on a particular fairy tale. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Activities, Childrens Literature, Class Activities, English Instruction, Fables,...
Based on Homer's "Odyssey," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand literature originally presented in one genre can, with care, be adapted to another genre; and adapters of a literary work into drama must consider dialogue and stage directions. The main activity of the lesson involves students converting a scene from the "Odyssey" into a dramatic scene and act it out. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Dialogs (Literary), Drama, English Instruction, Language Arts,...
Based on Miguel de Cervantes' novel "Don Quixote," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Quixote's misperceptions are understandable; writers often describe one object to sound as if it were something else; and metaphors help readers see with new eyes. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing quixotic, or imaginative, descriptions of ordinary objects after reading and discussing highly metaphorical poems. It includes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Language Usage, Lesson Plans,...
Based on Joseph Heller's novel "Catch-22," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that active readers evaluate the actions and statements of characters in a novel; and active readers apply the ideas of a novel to contexts outside the novel. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a paper on a historical or contemporary figure who said no to an oppressive system. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Based on Benjamin Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanac," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Ben Franklin is known, among other things, for his wit and wisdom; that Franklin published an almanac for 25 years; and he scattered aphorisms throughout the almanac. The main activity in the lesson is for students to paraphrase one of Franklin's aphorisms and to create a modern proverb with the same meaning. It includes objectives, materials,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Colonial History (United States), English Instruction, Language...
Based on short stories and novels, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that in the 19th century, the American frontier brought both solutions and problems; and fiction writers as well as documentarians have portrayed the American frontier. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing essays addressing whether characters in the novels and short stories do or do not correspond with information students found from nonfiction sources. It includes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Based on Charles Dickens' novel "Great Expectations," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand the differences between totalitarianism and democracy; and a that a writer of a story considers theme, plot, characters, setting, and point of view. The main activity of the lesson involves students working in groups to write a short story, in a serial manner much like Dickens did when he wrote "Great Expectations." It includes objectives,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Based on novels and books about the Mississippi River, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that the Mississippi River has made its mark on America's geography, commerce, and literature; and that booktalks provide a summary, explains what kind of reader the book will appeal to, and may also contain a oral reading of a section of the book. The main activity of the lesson involves students producing and presenting a booktalk on a book about the Mississippi...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Geographic Regions, Geography, Language Arts,...
Based on Herman Melville's novel "Moby-Dick," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that the novel is grounded in facts that Melville acquired in his own experiences at sea; New England was the center of a prospering whaling industry in the 19th century; and journal keeping was not uncommon among 19th-century Americans. The main activity of the lesson involves students taking on the persona of an imaginary sailor or captain while he is out at sea on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Journal Writing, Language...
This lesson introduces students to the "blues," one of the most distinctive and influential elements of African-American musical tradition. With this lesson plan, students can take a virtual field trip to Memphis, Tennessee, one of the prominent centers of blues activities, and explore the history of the blues in the work of W. C. Handy and a variety of country blues singers whose music preserves the folk origins of this unique American art form. The lesson plan contains material on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Culture, Curriculum Enrichment, Intermediate Grades, Learning Activities,...
Based on Stephen Crane's poems about war and his novel "The Red Badge of Courage," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Crane examined war-related themes in prose and poetry; that close study of a poem for oral presentation helps readers see meaning or techniques not noted earlier; and that not all readers give the same answers to questions about a poem--more than one answer may be acceptable. The main activity of the lesson involves students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil War (United States), Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts,...
Based on Lewis Carroll's novel "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that he used nonsense and absurdity to comment on reality; and that surrealist painters are also known for including absurd elements in their works. The main activity of the lesson involves students discussing and writing about how both Carroll and the surrealist painters comment on reality. It includes objectives, materials, procedures,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Expression, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
This lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that both individual families and whole cultures learn about their pasts by collecting and analyzing stories and artifacts; and that not all archeological finds readily reveal their history to archeologists. The main activity in the lesson involves students in making an oral presentation of stories that have been passed down through the generations in their families. It includes objectives, materials, procedures,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Family History, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Based on Joseph Conrad's novel "Heart of Darkness," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that critics have debated some of Conrad's choices in the novel; and that the novel reflects the world as Conrad saw it. The main activity of the lesson involves students rewriting the ending of the novel so that Marlow tells Kurtz's fiance the truth about his last words. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary...
This lesson plan presents activities in which students read, analyze, and discuss excerpts from children's war diaries; and create a storyboard for a public service announcement on children's rights in wartime. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, extension activities, excerpts of children's war diaries, suggested readings, and web links. The lesson plan also contains a description of a video clip related to the lesson, comprehension questions related to the video clip, and answers to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Rights, Class Activities, Diaries, English Instruction, Language Arts,...
Based on F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel "The Great Gatsby," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that adapting part of a novel into a dramatic reading makes students more intimate with the author's intentions and craft; and that a part of a novel may lend itself to various oral interpretations. The main activity of the lesson involves students in producing and presenting readers' theater versions of scenes from the novel. It includes objectives,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literature...
This lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Keiko, the killer whale, lived for a long time in an aquarium and had to be taught to live independently; and that computer users can get updates on how Keiko is doing. The main activity of the lesson involves middle school students working in small groups to produce a children's book (for children in grades 1 or 2). It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Class Activities, English Instruction, Group Activities,...
Based on Machiavelli's book "The Prince," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Machiavelli's enumeration of leadership qualities for a prince has always been controversial; and that leaders and followers may differ in what they identify as the qualities of a good leader. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a compare-and-contrast essay in which they discuss their views of an ideal state leader and Machiavelli's views. It...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Leadership, Leadership...
This lesson plan helps students understand the role consumer demand plays in the market system, i.e., how interactions in the marketplace help determine pricing. Students will participate in an activity that demonstrates the concepts of demand, demand schedule, demand curve, and the law of demand. The lesson plan provides student objectives; offers a description of the activity; suggests a time duration; lists supplies needed; and outlines a step-by-step teaching procedure. It includes a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Consumer Economics, Cost Indexes, Economics, Economics Education, Free Enterprise...
Based on Upton Sinclair's novel "The Jungle," this lesson plan presents activities in which students make a list of books that convey strong social messages, discuss the literary strengths and weaknesses of these books, and understand how literature reflects life and can be used as a vehicle to bring about change. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods, extension activities, annotations of suggested readings and web links,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary...
Based on Jane Austen's novel "Pride and Prejudice," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that classics are those pieces of literature that continue to be popular long after they were written; classics tend to have universal themes; and Austen's writing has been updated and dramatized and, most likely, will continue to be. The main activity of the lesson involves students working in small groups to draft the script of a modern-day version of scenes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, Classics (Literature), English Instruction,...
Based on Arthur Miller' play "The Crucible," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that in 17th-century New England, people were persecuted for allegedly practicing witchcraft; students of this period have looked into the allegations and offer alternatives to witchcraft to explain the people's behavior; and Arthur Miller wrote the play using the 17th-century case of witch trials (and fictionalizing it) to comment on a 20th-century phenomenon--the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Drama, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary...
This lesson plan features a classroom simulation that helps students understand a command economic system. The lesson plan states a purpose; gives student educational objectives; suggests a time duration for the activity; lists materials needed; and outlines a step-by-step teaching procedure. Instructions for a research and writing homework exercise are included. (BT)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economics, Economics Education, High Schools, Simulation, Social Studies, Student...
This lesson plan offers students the opportunity to participate in the three basic economic systems (market, command, and tradition). By working in each of the systems, students will internalize the fundamental values present in each system and will gain insights into the basic advantages and disadvantages of each system. The lesson plan provides objectives; lists materials needed; and outlines a step-by-step procedure. Attached are information sheets about the economic systems, scoreboard...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economics, Economics Education, Educational Games, High Schools, Simulation, Social...
Based on Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel "The Scarlet Letter," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that the ending of a novel does not resolve all of the questions that may occur to readers; and that readers may imagine characters living out their lives beyond the ending the author gave to a novel. The main activity of the lesson involves students speculating in writing about what happened to Pearl in later life--such as a short story, a letter from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
In this lesson, students study census data showing the names and occupations of early settlers of the English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia, to discern how life changed in the Jamestown settlement in the first few years after it was founded. Learning objectives of the lesson plan are: (1) to gain experience gathering information from primary sources; (2) to examine changes over time in conditions at Jamestown as revealed in primary documents from early years in the colony; and (3) to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Census Figures, Colonial History (United States), Elementary Education, Land...
Anthologists and editors prepare the way for poetry readers, selecting works that reward close reading and assisting interpretation through annotation. But on the Internet people can return to poetry in its native state--one set of words among many others competing for appreciation--and read with fresh eyes. The learning objectives of this lesson plan are: to analyze the verbal devices through which poems make meaning; to compare one's personal interpretation of a poem with the personal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, Internet, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary Criticism, Literature...
Based on James Lincoln Collier and Christopher Collier's novel "My Brother Sam Is Dead," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that one way to learn about the past is to read historical novels; and that some people take one side or another in a war or other conflict, and some find themselves caught in the middle. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing and performing a monologue in the persona of one of the colonists in the story,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescent Literature, Characterization, Class Activities, Colonial History (United...
This lesson plan designed for grade 2 students has the goal of teaching students about the environmental practice of recycling. Children will learn language words related to recycling such as: "we can recycle"/"we can't recycle" and how to avoid littering with such words as: "recycle paper" and/or "don't throw papers". Students will develop awareness skills by classifying the type of rubbish that "can/can't be recycled" and will create posters...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Lesson Plans, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students, Primary...
This lesson plan involves the calculation of a price index using a fictitious market basket for holiday celebrations. The lesson plan provides a content objective; cites an economic standard; gives background information; lists materials needed; details the lesson agenda; and suggests closure. Attached are a "12 Days of Christmas Gifts' Price Index" and an "Eight Nights of Chanukah Activity." (BT)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Consumer Education, Cost Indexes, Economics, Economics Education,...
Based on an 18th century poem (actually, a song originally) about the Boston Tea Party, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that taxation of the American colonists by the British led to the American Revolution; all eras have protest poetry or songs; and students can perform and analyze old literature. The main activity in the lesson involves students in analyzing and discussing the poem. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Colonial History (United States), English Instruction, Language...
Based on Mark Twain's novel "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that identifying and thinking about a key quotation or symbol in a novel can help a reader extract greater meaning from the work; and that a paper analyzing literature should follow a logical organization. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a paper about a quotation from the novel or a symbol in it. The lesson plan includes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Imagery, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary...
Based on Sun Tzu's book "The Art of War," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that the book has become required reading in military curricula as well as business, economics, and political science classes, and that many cultures rely on ancient texts and ideas for advice and guidance. The main activity in the lesson involves students interviewing business people to determine if business is conducted as if it were war. It includes objectives,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Administrators, Business, Class Activities, English...
Based on Gustave Flaubert's novel "Madame Bovary," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students explore the theme of "illusion versus reality" in the novel; identify and list alternate themes in the novel; and cite specific examples of illusion versus reality from the novel. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods, extension activities, annotations of suggested readings and web links, vocabulary,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Based on William Golding's novel "Lord of the Flies," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that, on a literal level, the novel deals with what happens to a group of boys stranded on an island; and that on a symbolic level, it investigates what happens to civilized people when the structures of civilization disappear. The main activity in the lesson involves students forming groups to present arguments and to judge who was responsible for the events...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Standards, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language...
In this lesson plan, students (grades 11-12) examine photographs of the Nubian environment and the Nubian people. Students critically examine artifacts of ancient Nubia and write a two page essay outlining the Nubian environment, describing the Nubia people, and explaining how they adapted physically, materially, politically, and intellectually to their environment. The lesson plan contains a unit topic; states an objective; notes materials needed for the lesson; offers drills; suggests...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Ancient History, Classroom Techniques, Cultural Context,...
Based on characters in the Arthurian legend, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that many writers have told the tale of King Arthur and the people around him, including Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin, and Mordred. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a dramatic monologue supposedly composed at some point by one of the characters in the Arthurian legend. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Legends,...
In this lesson plan, students explore the traditions and conventions of haiku, comparing this classic form of Japanese poetry to a related genre of Japanese visual art. Students also compose haiku of their own. The lesson's learning objectives are: (1) to learn about the history and poetic conventions of Japanese haiku; (2) to read and interpret classic examples of haiku; (3) to compare the world of haiku with the world portrayed in Japanese woodblock prints; and (4) to practice writing haiku...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Creative Writing, English Instruction, Foreign Countries, Haiku,...
Based on H.G. Wells' novel "War of the Worlds" and the reaction to Orson Wells' 1938 adaptation for radio, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that literature originally created in one medium is often adapted to another medium; and that technology can make the unreal seam real and can otherwise confuse consumers. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods, extension activities, annotations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary...
Through dramatic play, children are free to use their imaginations to explore where their abilities can take them, and to experience feelings of control, power, and mastery. By building on their natural play experiences, students can begin to understand the true meaning of heroism and how they might start to develop heroic characteristics in themselves. This lesson plan, with a series of interactive activities, lets students explore their beliefs about heroes and heroism. By following the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Curriculum Enrichment, Individual Development, Learning...
In this lesson plan, students learn the rules and conventions of haiku, study examples by Japanese masters, and create haiku of their own. Its 4 lessons seek to help students be able to: (1) describe the traditional rules and conventions of haiku; (2) interpret examples of haiku; (3) characterize the image-evoking power of haiku; (4) develop a vocabulary and ideas for writing haiku; and (5) compose a haiku based on a personal experience. Intended for grades 3-5, the plan offers suggestions on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Creative Writing, Elementary Education, Haiku, Language Arts,...
Based on Rachel Carson's book "Silent Spring" and other conservation-related books, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that many conservationists have written books that have had a profound influence on the way people think about and treat the planet; such books can be powerful instruments for change; and reading such books and encouraging others to read them are important parts of being an environmentally responsible individual. The main...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Conservation Education, Conservation (Environment), English...
Based on "Zlata's Diary: A Child's Life in Sarajevo" by Zlata Filipovic, this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that historical drama, like other historical fiction, is rooted in history but contains imaginary elements as well; and that the author describes in her diary what it was like to be a teenager in Sarajevo during the conflict there. The main activity of the lesson involves students working in groups to adapt scenes from the book into a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Diaries, Drama, English Instruction, Foreign Countries, Journal...
This lesson plan presents activities designed to enrich students' understanding of a literary work through careful reading and analysis of selected key scenes; to have students recognize how arts media can be integrated into literature studies; to acquaint students with masterpieces of world art; and to reinforce learning through the use of technology, specifically through searches of selected Internet sites. The main activity of the lesson involves students working in teams to pair a great...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Activities, Art Appreciation, Art Expression, Class Activities, English...
This lesson plan teaches students about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. Students listen to a brief biography, view photographs of the March on Washington, hear a portion of King's "I Have a Dream" speech, and discuss what King's words mean to them. Finally, they will create picture books about their own dreams of freedom for Americans today. After its 4 lessons, students will have: (1) learned about the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr.; (2) reflected on a section...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beginning Reading, Civil Rights, Class Activities, Emergent Literacy, Language Arts,...
The border between fact and fiction becomes blurred in legend, stories which themselves have a history, and in their evolving shape they carry the imprint of all the hands that passed them. Through the Internet, students can track the growth of a legend like that of King Arthur, from its emergence in the so-called Dark Ages to its arrival on the silver screen. The learning objectives of this lesson plan are: to examine the historical origins of the Arthurian legend; to investigate how medieval...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Films, Internet, Language Arts, Legends, Lesson Plans, Medieval Literature, Secondary...
Ancient languages are the deepest root of the humanities, drawing life from that distant time when the study of history, philosophy, literature, and of language itself began. On the Internet, students can return to those times, re-enter that age of discovery, and gain the linguistic skills to help keep the many branches of the humanities rooted there strong and vital. The learning objectives of this lesson plan are: to gain an appreciation for Greek drama through the study of a play by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Greek Civilization, Greek Literature, High Schools, Internet, Language Arts, Lesson...
To better understand the issues behind the colonization of the New World and to see why some colonies and empires failed while others flourished, students analyze the motivations and resources of the colonial powers. Noting that the results of the colonial era are counter-intuitive (the Spanish, who colonized areas rich in gold, silver, and precious stones, went bankrupt, while the English, who had only dead plants and animals to work with, thrived and conquered), the lesson plan asks students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Colonialism, Comparative Analysis, Economics, Foreign Countries, Land Settlement,...
Photography has been used to record war since the Crimean War in 1855. This lesson plan explores how and why war has been photographed and also gives students an opportunity to see the bias within the recording/reporting of war. The lesson plan: cites educational objectives; gives time required; recommends a grade level; notes curriculum fit; and lists resources used. It also: discusses materials and preparation; presents an eight-step procedure for classroom implementation; and addresses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learning Activities, Lesson Plans, Middle Schools, News Reporting, Photography,...
Christopher Columbus remains one of the most studied yet the least known of major historical figures. In this lesson, students read excerpts from Columbus's letters and journals, as well as recent considerations of his achievements so that they can reflect on the motivations behind Columbus's explorations, his reactions to what he found, and the consequences, intended and unintended, of his endeavors. The lesson plan contains material on how to prepare to teach the lesson, including notes to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biographies, Curriculum Enrichment, Elementary Education, Geography, Learning...
Children enjoy listening to bouncy rhythms and reciting catchy rhymes. Poetry provides a rich vehicle for helping children explore how language sounds and works. Such exploration helps develop skills related to language usage, listening, vocabulary acquisition, and auditory memory, while also fostering an understanding of thematically related concepts. Most important, a study of poetry helps promote a warm, relaxed classroom atmosphere that is conducive to learning. With this lesson plan,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Creative Writing, Curriculum Enrichment, Language Arts, Language Usage, Learning...
Based on George Orwell's novel "1984," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that the historical context of the novel is based on the mood and political climate of 1949 Europe; the society Orwell created and modern society in the United States have similarities and differences; and modern privacy issues and the justifications behind privacy violations are subject to debate. The main activity of the lesson involves students working in groups to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil Liberties, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Based on Thomas Paine's pamphlet "Common Sense," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that as the American Revolution approached, writers created highly persuasive documents calling for separation from England. The main activity in the lesson involves students in writing a persuasive essay. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods, extension activities, annotations of suggested readings...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Colonial History (United States), English Instruction, Language...
In this Web-based interdisciplinary lesson (involving social studies, geography, history, and language arts) students take a virtual field trip to the ruins of Pompeii to learn about everyday life in Roman times, then create a travelogue to attract visitors to the site and write an account of their field trip modeled on a description of Pompeii written by Mark Twain. Major learning objectives include: to learn about the history of Pompeii and its destruction; to gain insight into the past...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ancient History, English Instruction, Geography, History Instruction,...
This lesson plan introduces students to the concept of supply and demand by appealing to bodily/kinesthetic intelligences. Students participate in a fitness class and then analyze the economic motives behind making an individual feel better after a fitness activity; i.e., analyzing how much an individual would pay for a drink and snack after a workout. The lesson seeks to develop skills and a comfort level in interpreting economic concepts through graphic analysis. It provides a content...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Economics, Economics Education, High Schools, National Standards,...
Based on Ken Kesey's novel "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that all works of art lend themselves to critical reviews; critical reviews consist of opinions and support for the opinions; and a critical review may compare and contrast a work in one medium to the same work in another medium. The main activity of the lesson involves students writing a critical review of the film based on the novel using the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Critical Viewing, English Instruction, Film Criticism, Films,...
In the absence of official power, women had to find other ways to shape the world in which they lived. The First Ladies of the United States were among the women who were able to play "a significant role in shaping the political and social history of the country, impacting virtually every topic that has been debated." Through this lesson plan, teachers can explore with their students the ways in which First Ladies were able to shape the world while dealing with the expectations placed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Enrichment, Elementary Education, Females, Gender Issues, Government Role,...
Monsters have haunted the literary imagination from earliest times (e.g., the Cyclops, Grendel, etc.), but a particular interest in horror and the Gothic form dates back to the 18th and early 19th centuries. Taking their name from the Gothic architecture that often served as a backdrop to the action, these novels present supernatural events in naturalistic terms, thrilling readers with strange tales filled with mystery and terror. The learning objectives of this lesson plan are: to explore the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Literature, High Schools, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literary Genres,...
Based on "The Autobiography of Malcolm X," this lesson plan presents activities in which students work collaboratively to evaluate four stages in the life of Malcolm X, each corresponding to a different name he used; consider how each name Malcolm X used reflected that period in his life; and draw conclusions in a written essay about how his life experiences shaped him and his legacy. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, adaptations, discussion questions, evaluation methods,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Autobiographies, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
In this lesson plan, students in grades 6-8 explore the role and impact of recent First Ladies through research and family interviews, then work in groups to present a documentary portrait to the class. Through these 7 lessons, students will: (1) learn about the political and non-political careers of recent First Ladies; (2) explore the possibilities and limitations of the position of First Lady; and (3) conduct historical research through oral history interviews. Intended for grades 6-8, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biographies, Class Activities, Females, Intermediate Grades, Language Arts, Lesson...
This two-week lesson plan exploring cultural rituals guides students to: improve their oral and written communication skills; write correct bibliographic citations for primary sources; and gain tolerance and acceptance of all cultures through the exploration and analysis of holiday and stages of life rituals. Aimed at students in grades 6 through 12, the lesson plan uses photographs, documents, and music from American Memory Collections and other sources. After investigating rituals and customs...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citations (References), Communication Skills, Cultural Activities, Cultural...
The borders that separate and connect different cultures often come into sharpest relief when the focus is on themes and motifs found in the literature or the visual arts of several lands. With the Internet, students can discover such points of intercultural contact for themselves, crossing borders that can lead them to a broader perspective on the common vision human cultures share. The learning objectives of this lesson plan are: to expand awareness of themes and motifs common to many...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Language Arts, Lesson...
This lesson plan features a classroom simulation that helps students understand the characteristics of a market economic system. The lesson plan states a purpose; cites student objectives; suggests a time duration; lists materials needed; and details a step-by-step teaching procedure. The "Paper Airplane Challenge" handout is attached. (BT)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economics, Economics Education, Free Enterprise System, Government Role, High...
This document presents eight detailed lesson plans for use with students with disabilities. The lesson plans address oral language skills, reading comprehension, math problem solving, written expression, reading acquisition, study skills, math computation, and social skills. Each lesson plan identifies relevant standards from the Council for Exceptional Children Common Care Competencies, the Arizona Department of Education Professional Teaching Standards, and the Arizona Standards for Students....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Lesson Plans, Standards, Student...
In this lesson plan, students explore the cultural significance of masks. After exploring the world of African masks and storytelling, they create masks that tell stories of their own. In these six lessons, students first recall contexts in which masks are worn in the United States, and then discuss their use in stories. Students then investigate the role masks play in ceremonies and on special occasions in various African cultures. Students will see pictures of African masks online, pointing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, Beginning Reading, Cultural Awareness, Emergent Literacy, Foreign...
Based on Fyodor Dostoevsky's novel "Crime and Punishment," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that: a close study of the characters of a literary classic will yield important clues to an understanding of the work as a whole; an effective analysis of stylistic devices depends upon selection and interpretation of evidence from the text itself; and successful readers will learn to recognize ambiguity and develop an appreciation for the rich...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...
Noting that Washington Irving's classic tale of the Headless Horseman has lately become a Halloween favorite, this lesson plan helps students explore the artistry that helped make Irving the United States' first literary master, and ponders the mystery of what happened to Ichabod Crane. Its 4 lessons seek to make students able to: (1) summarize the plot of "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"; (2) adapt passages for a contemporary audience; (3) analyze the characterization of Ichabod Crane...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans, Literature...
In this lesson plan, students in grades 3-5 compare imagined travel experiences of their own with the actual experiences of 19th-century pioneers on the Oregon Trail. After the 4 lessons students will have: (1) learned about the pioneer experience on the Oregon Trail; (2) compared and contrasted modern-day travel experiences with those of the 19th century; and (3) synthesized historical data through creative writing. The plan notes subject areas covered (American Literature/Language Arts/United...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Creative Writing, Elementary Education, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson...
Writers are influenced by their environment including family, community, lifestyle, or location. One such writer was Mark Twain. With this lesson plan the learner will become familiar with and analyze life around Mark Twain's hometown, Hannibal, Missouri, during the latter half of the 19th century by using various online and print resources to determine what effects this location had on Twain's writings. The curriculum context will be within a unit on Mark Twain's "Adventures of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Cultural Context, Curriculum Enrichment, Learning Activities,...
Based on John Steinbeck's novel "The Grapes of Wrath," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand the universal nature of Steinbeck's characters' struggles and some of the complex forces affecting their lives; and the value of primary source material in presenting an authentic picture of a given period in history. The main activity of the lesson involves students researching primary source material to collaboratively write a dramatic monologue for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Characterization, Class Activities, English Instruction, Language Arts, Lesson Plans,...